Nepalis known all over the world as the country of Mt Everestand the birthplace of Lord Buddha. But Nepal’s attraction is not limited to these attractions. This small Himalayan republic country is home to some of the world’s highest mountains and an array of ethnic groups with vibrant cultures,religions and languages .Despite […]
Nepalis known all over the world as the country of Mt Everestand the birthplace of Lord Buddha. But Nepal’s attraction is not limited to these attractions. This small Himalayan republic country is home to some of the world’s highest mountains and an array of ethnic groups with vibrant cultures,religions and languages .Despite being a small country, Nepal has diverse topography and vegetation with make it one of the popular destinations for adventure seekers. The country’s altitude varies from8,848meters from the summit ofMt Everestto mere 60 meters in Kechana of eastern Nepal in just around 300 kilometers. While the northern part of the country is guarded by the magnificent Himalayan range, the southern part of the country has dense forests,cultivable lands and bustling market places. While the Himalayan range has cold alpine climate, the southern part of the country has flatland having humid tropical climate.
Though majority of the people follow Hinduism, Nepal is a secular country where people following different religions co-exist in mutual respect and harmony. Nepal is also rich in biological diversity as the country is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. The country is rich and natural and cultural heritages as it has 10 UNESCO World Heritage sites, including seven in the Kathmandu Valley alone. Difficult topography of Nepal offers some of the best walking trails in the world, while fast flowing river that originate in the Himalayas are a Mecca for visitors looking for river adventures. For those looking for leisure trips, Kathmandu Valley presents unrivaled cultural attractions, while the dense forests in the southern plains boast of some of the best jungle safari trips in the world.
LOCATION:Nepal lies in South Asia bordering Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China in the North and India in the East, South and West.
GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISION:Nepal is divided into three geographical areas: Mountainous Region, Hilly Region and Tarai Region. Mountainous Region occupies nearly 15 percent of Nepal. Most of the tallest peak on earth lies in this region. The Hilly Region occupies nearly 68 percent of the land, while the lowlands of Tarai Region cover around 17 percent.
Nepal is a federal state divided into seven provinces. Similarly, there are 77 districts in Nepal. Nepal has three levels of government – local, provincial and federal.
AREA: 147,181 square kilometers
ALTITUDE: Varies from 70 meters to 8848 meters.
POPULATION: Approx 20 million
LANGUAGE: Nepali is the national language of Nepal and there are more than 100 other spoken languages. People in the tourism industry understand and speak English very well.
RELIGION: Though nearly 80 percent of the country’s population are Hindus, Nepal is a secular country where people following different religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity and Jain, among others, live in harmony.
TIME ZONE: Nepali standard time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT.
CURRENCY: Nepali Rupee
CLIMATE OF NEPAL: Climatic conditions in Nepal vary from one place to another. In north parts of the country, summers are cool and winters severe, while in southern parts summers are tropical and winters are mild. Nepal has four seasons:
Spring: March, April, May
Summer: June, July, August
Autumn: September, October, November
Winter: December, January, February
Visa can be obtained on arrival at the Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu or at border entry points in Kakadvitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Gaddachowki or Nepal-China border in Rasuwagadhi. Visa can also be obtained at the nearest Nepal Embassy or Diplomatic Mission.
For more information, kindly refer to the website of the Department of Immigration: